The Last Website on Screenwriting You'll Ever Need

Best of Ben Frahm: Keep the Beats Simple!

By on July 13, 2018 in About the Beats, Tips and Tactics, Tools
Ben Frahm at the Los Angeles premiere of his latest film on May 31, 2018

Ben Frahm at the Los Angeles premiere of his latest film on May 31, 2018

This post was first published on March 22, 2013.

After teaching a recent Beat Sheet Workshop in New York City, “Master Cat” Ben Frahm and some great writers experienced a couple of breakthrough moments that really crystallized the benefit of outlining your story. Ben reports:

Using the 15 beats of Save the Cat!®, students were able to identify problem areas and structural advantages before they dove in and started writing. And in figuring out some of the major turning points, it became clear that there was a tendency to overthink. To overcomplicate these beats.

There’s an inclination to get caught up in the minutia of the scene or what the character is wearing or what they did earlier that day, or had for breakfast two days ago, and all the while, miss the important information of that scene… the actual beat.

Here’s an example. We looked at the movie The King’s Speech as a template for great structure, particularly on how it relates to the 15 STC! beats. And students were surprised to see that some of these major turning points and story beats were actually quite simple. For instance, Opening Image could be simplified as “KING STUTTERS.” And the Closing Image and scene could easily be put on a 3 x 5 card as “KING NO LONGER STUTTERS.”

However, it was easy to get caught up in some of the other details of those beats. The date that the movie took place. The wardrobe of the King. The peripheral characters present. What time of day was it? What country were we in? Was there a war going on at the time? Is the King really a soccer fan in the beginning? But all the while, we neglect the important information… the essence of the beat.

And in doing so, students were able to realize that it’s important to boil down your beats. To clean out all of the extra information and focus on the bare bones of what is actually happening. What’s moving the story ahead? And what is the most important information that can be captured in only a few sentences on a 3 x 5 card (or your nifty virtual card in the STC! software).

And to our surprise, once this was digested, the outlines of the students’ stories immediately improved. They became clearer. More focused. And there was a lot less superfluous information.

The writers started focusing on the necessity of the beats and how they served their overall stories.

So… in looking ahead… keep it simple. Find those simple 15 beats that your story’s structure rests on… and keep all of the detail and minutia and extra information for the actual writing of the script.

Don’t let those details get you stuck in the beginning. Move ahead. And look at the big pieces. Because that’s what makes for good, clear beats. And ultimately what allows for a well-structured, impactful story.

Keep the beats SIMPLE!

Share this page:FacebookTwitterGoogle+Email
Ben Frahm

About the Author

About the Author: Master Cat Ben Frahm is a screenwriter who was a member of Blake Snyder’s Writers Group and consulted on How to Train Your Dragon. Ben is co-writer of the feature Maybe A Love Story for Warner Bros International, premiering this summer. He is a professor of screenwriting at Syracuse University and also teaches the Save the Cat! online beat sheet workshops and our New York City Weekend Intensive. “If this is your first time selling a script, take some advice from Ben Frahm. Ben has a true gift for concept.” –– Blake Snyder, Save the Cat!® Strikes Back – More Trouble for Writers to Get Into… and Out Of. .

There is 1 Comment

Trackback URL | Comments RSS Feed

  1. L. R. Farren says:


    Great work on writing this thought provoking article to remind us to K.I.S.S.

    Keep It Simple, Screenwriter.

    A great way to keep it simple is to circle back to your previous article and ask the question, “What’s the hero’s simplest emotional journey?” One way to dig down to the hero’s simplest journey is to ask some more probing questions.

    – What’s the hero’s greatest goal? What does he want more than anything else in the world? Why does he want it?

    – What’s the hero’s “blind spot”, or longstanding misbelief that keeps him from easily achieving his goal? What misbelief must he confront, overcome, and ultimately defeat in order to achieve his coveted prize?

    Then, in the spirit of keeping the beats simple, we ought to ask the questions:

    – How will each of the story beats on the BS2 force the hero to confront, overcome and defeat his longstanding misbelief?

    – After defeating his misbelief, or eliminating his “blind spot”, how will each of the story beats push the hero toward achieving his greatest goal?

    Then, the final question ought to be, “How will the story beats facilitate the hero’s simplest emotional journey, which ultimately is arriving at his “Divine aha moment of clarity”?

    As far as working out the details of the story, everything in the story should have a dramatic effect on the hero in the pursuit of his greatest goal. Time, place, setting, wardrobe, the hero’s personal interests. All of these things. If we keep this concept in mind, we should have an easier time of keeping the beats simple.

    Thanks for sharing this golden nugget of wisdom. Let it serve as a reminder to all of us–keep the beats simple.

    Congratulations on your new film.